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This is a cursory overview of applications of concepts from random matrix theory (RMT) to quantum electronics and classical & quantum optics. The emphasis is on phenomena, predicted or explained by RMT, that have actually been observed in experiments on quantum wires, quantum dots, disordered wave guides, and chaotic resonators. Topics considered include universal conductance fluctuations, weak localization and coherent backscattering, sub-Poissonian shot noise and open transmission channels, non-Gaussian conductance and thermopower distributions, mesoscopic superconductivity, grey-body radiation, and chaotic laser cavities.
I. Introduction (Preface, Basic properties of semiconductor nanostructures). II. Theory of Coulomb-blockade oscillations (Periodicity of the oscillations, Amplitude and lineshape). III. Experiments on Coulomb-blockade oscillations (Quantum dots, Disordered quantum wires, Relation to earlier work on disordered quantum wires). IV. Quantum Hall effect regime (The Aharonov-Bohm effect in a quantum dot, Coulomb blockade of the Aharonov-Bohm effect, Experiments on quantum dots, Experiments on disordered quantum wires).